URL of this page: Causes Anal fissures are very common in infants, but they may occur at any age. In adults, fissures may be caused by passing large, hard stools, or having diarrhea for a long time. Other factors may include: Decreased blood flow to the area Too much tension in the sphincter muscles that control the anus The condition affects males and females equally. Anal fissures are also common in women after childbirth and in people with Crohn disease.
Anal fissure - Wikipedia
Print Diagnosis Your doctor will likely ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam, including a gentle inspection of the anal region. Often the tear is visible. Usually this exam is all that's needed to diagnose an anal fissure. An acute anal fissure looks like a fresh tear, somewhat like a paper cut. A chronic anal fissure likely has a deeper tear, and may have internal or external fleshy growths. A fissure is considered chronic if it lasts more than eight weeks.
What are anal fissures?
Prevention[ edit ] For adults, the following may help prevent anal fissures: Avoiding straining when defecating. This includes treating and preventing constipation by eating food rich in dietary fiber , drinking enough water, occasional use of a stool softener , and avoiding constipating agents. Careful anal hygiene after defecation, including using soft toilet paper and cleaning with water, plus the use of sanitary wipes.
An anal fissure is a tear or open sore ulcer that develops in the lining of the large intestine, near the anus. Don't let embarrassment stop you seeking help: Your GP can also tell you about self-help measures and treatments that can relieve your symptoms and reduce the risk of fissures recurring.